Top Wine Regions of The World
The top 3 major wine regions of the world are France, Italy and Spain. They produce almost half of all the wine produced in the world. To help you wrap your brain around the sheer volume of wine they make:
- France – While France and Italy compete for the top wine production region of the world they are also reducing wine production every year. France has lowered production by 11% since 2007.
Major Grapes: Merlot, Grenache, Trebbiano Toscano, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Chardonnay, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, Gamay, Sauvignon Blanc.
Italy – Italy may be second to France, but there is a growing trend in both countries to remove vineyards. Italy has reduced their production by at least 7% since 2007.
Major Grapes: Sangiovese, Montepulciano, Merlot, Trebbiano Toscano, Nero d’Avola, Barbera, Pinot Grigio, Prosecco
- Spain – Spain is home to the largest vineyard acreage in the world. Despite this fact, Spain also has much lower wine yields than neighboring France and Italy resulting in less total wine.
Major Grapes: Tempranillo, Airén, Garnacha, Monastrell, Bobal
- United States – 90% of wine from the United States is from California. California is home to the world’s largest wine producer, Gallo, in Modesto, CA.
Major Grapes: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Zinfandel, Sauvignon Blanc
- Argentina – Argentina continues to grow their wine production year after year resulting in the highest growth rate (8%) of the top 5 wine producers in the world. Argentina relies on wine exports.
Major Grapes: Malbec, Bonarda, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon
- Australia – Australia relies primarily on the wine export market. Since the US dollar has weakened, Australia is expanding their wine marketing in Hong Kong and Asia.
Major Grapes: Shiraz (Syrah), Chardonnay
- Germany – German wine is known for their aromatic white wines. German wines are exported primarily to US and UK.
Major Grapes: Riesling, Müller-Thurgau
- South Africa – South Africa has long been known for its Chenin Blanc and produces the largest volume of Brandy in the world.
Major Grapes: Chenin Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinotage, Chardonnay
- Chile – Chile is proud of the red wine variety Carmenere, known as the ‘lost varietal’ of Bordeaux. Still, export markets demand traditional varieties.
Major Grapes: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Carménère, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc
- Portugal – Portugal is known for Port wine, a high alcohol dessert wine from northern Portugal made by blending several grape varieties.
Major Grapes: Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo), Touriga Franca, Castelão, Touriga Nacional, Alicante Bouschet, Alvarinho, Arinto